( Health Care )
How often you treat for worms is up to you if you have fowl running free range you should worm more so than cooped or penned fowl. fowl get worms from eating insects that are host for worms.. here a few worm medications that will help out.
Piperazine will ONLY kill round worms.
Levamisole is for gape , Cappillary and some round worms.
Ivmec will remove all but tapeworms.
Wormal will kill tape, cecal and round worms.
CAPILLARY WORMS there are 6 species of these worms .a thin hair like white worm. some infect the crop and esophagus and other the intestines. birds with these worms will become droopy, weak very thin and have diarrhea .they will stand with their heads drawn close to their bodies. The earthworm is the intermediate host for capillaria. the capillary worm eggs are passed out of the chicken through the droppings then the earthworm eats the eggs and the chicken eats the earth worm.
GAPEWORMS this worm lives in the wind pipe of the bird causing the bird to yawn or gape because it is hard for them to breath. it grows very fast and if it is not controller it will block the windpipe and the bird will suffocate. The are a round worm reddish in color. birds get gape worms by eating earthworms, slugs and snails. The gape eggs can live in a earthworm for 4 years. slugs and snail up to a year. the gape worm eggs are coughed up by the bird swallowed them passed threw droppings. If another bird eats these dropping he will become contaminated with gapeworms.
TAPEWORMS is a flat worm with lines running across it, that can break off and passed through the droppings. being picked up by other birds. or eating by insects such as beetles, ants, grasshoppers, houseflies, also earthworms, slugs, snails ....
ROUND WORMS can be picked up from the sill, droppings, feed or water. the most common and hardest worm to get rid of. because the eggs have a hard covering that resists chemicals heat ,cold so they can live a long time int he ground. the eggs hatch in the intestine tract sever days after hatching they enter the lining of the tract where they stay for 10 days. if you worm your birds during this time the medicine will not work you need to worm 10 days later.
CECAL WORMS birds get these worms by eating infected droppings. the chicken has two bags that grow off each side of the intestine track called Cecal the worms live near the tip of the Cecal. they are a slender white worm about 1/2 inch long.
EYE WORMS [ mansoni eye worms] small white worms that grown in the corner of the eye causing swelling. birds get worms from eating cockroaches. use 3 drops of vet-rx directly in eye for 3 days. or put 3 drops of ivomec directly into eye for 3 days. inject birds with 1/2 cc of ivomec just under the skin in back of the neck or breast.
LICE AND MITES
LICE stays on birds at all times, look for white eggs at the base of feathers in the vent area. Best treatment is 4 tablespoons of malathion to 1 gallon of diesel fuel spray pens and/or t-pees. spray birds thoroughly but with caution on vent under wings. the diesel will penetrate the wood.
MITES are gray in color until the have sucked the blood then they are red in color. they are night feeders. during the day they will hide in cracks of the root or t-pees. that is why it is best to look for them at night on birds. Treatment is same as for lice.
FEATHER MITES live on the base of the feather and/or burrow into the quill. They can also burrow in the skin. 1 tablespoon of Permaban to 1 gallon of water dip birds.
LEG MITES live in the scales of the leg and feet. and toe. Scales will become raised and thick note: once scales have been raised they will never go back into place. treatment spray scarlet oil on legs and feet ever day for 3 weeks.